Perfume oil is necessarily diluted with a solvent because undiluted oils (natural or synthetic) contain high concentrations of volatile components that will likely result in allergic reactions and possibly injury when applied directly to skin or clothing.By far the most common solvent for perfume oil dilution is ethanol or a mixture of ethanol and water. Perfume oil can also be diluted by means of neutral-smelling lipids such as jojoba, fractionated coconut oil or wax. The concentration by percent/volume of perfume oil is as follows:
TraditionalThe traditional classification which emerged around 1900 comprised the following catego ries:
Perfume is described in a musical metaphor as having three 'notes', making the harmonious chord of the scent. The notes unfold over time, with the immediate impression of the top note leading to the deeper middle notes, and the base notes gradually appearing as the final stage. These notes are created carefully with knowledge of the evaporation process of the perfume.
Although fragrant extracts are known to the general public as the generic term "essential oils", a more specific language is used in the fragrance industry to describe the source, purity, and technique used to obtain a particular fragrant extract.Of these extracts, only absolutes, essential oils, and tinctures are directly used to formulate perfumes.
Perfume compositions are an important part of many industries ranging from the luxury goods sectors, food services industries, to manufacturers of various household chemicals. The purpose of using perfume or fragrance compositions in these industries is to affect customers through their sense of smell and entice them into purchasing the perfume or perfumed product. As such there is significant interest in producing a perfume formulation that people will find aesthetically pleasing.
The job of composing perfumes that will sell is left up to an expert on perfume composition or known in the fragrance industry as the perfumer. They are also sometimes referred to affectionately as "the Nose" due to their fine sense of smell and skill in smell composition. The perfumer is effectively an artist who is trained in depth on the concepts of fragrance aesthetics and who is capable of conveying abstract concepts and moods with their fragrance compositions. At the most rudimentary level, a perfumer must have a keen knowledge of a large variety of fragrance ingredients and their smells, and be able to distinguish each of the fragrance ingredients whether alone or in combination with other fragrances. As well, they must know how each ingredient reveals itself through time with other ingredients.
The job of the perfumer is very similar to that of flavourists, who compose smells and flavourants for many commercial food products.The composition of a perfume typically begins with a brief by the perfumer's employer or an outside customer. The customers to the perfumer or their employers, are typically fashion houses or large corporations of various industries. Each brief will contain the specifications for the desired perfume, and will describe in often poetic or abstract terms what the perfume should smell like or what feelings it should evoke in those who smell it, along with a maximum per litre price of the perfume oil concentrate. This allowance, along with the intended application of the perfume will determine what aromatics and fragrance ingredients can/will be used in the perfume composition.
The perfumer will then go through the process of blending multiple perfume mixtures and will attempt to capture the desired feelings specified in the brief. After presenting the perfume mixtures to the customers, the perfumer may "win" the brief with their approval, and proceed to sell the formulation to the customer, often with modifications of the composition of the perfume. This process typically spans over several months to several years. The perfume composition will then be either used to enhance another product as a functional fragrance (shampoos, make-up, detergents, car interiors, etc.), or marketed and sold directly to the public as a fine fragrance
History of perfume and perfumery
Egyptian scene depicting the preparation of Lily perfumeThe word perfume used today derives from the Latin "per fume", meaning through smoke. Perfumery, or the art of making perfumes, began in ancient Egypt but was developed and further refined by the Romans and the Arabs. Although perfume and perfumery also existed in East Asia, much of its fragrances are incense based.The world's first chemist is considered to be a person named Tapputi, a perfume maker who was mentioned in a cuneiform tablet from the second millennium BC in Mesopotamia. Recently, archaeologists have uncovered what is believed to be the world's oldest perfumes in Pyrgos, Cyprus. The perfumes date back more than 4,000 years. The perfumes where discovered in an ancient perfumery factory.
At least 60 distilling stills, mixing bowls, funnels and perfume bottles were found in the 43,000 square foot factory. In ancient times people used herbs and spices, like almond, coriander, myrtle, conifer resin, bergamot, but not flowers. The Iranian doctor and chemist Avicenna introduced the process of extracting oils from flowers by means of distillation, (the procedure most commonly used today). He first experimented with the rose. Until his discovery, liquid perfumes were mixtures of oil and crushed herbs, or petals which made a strong blend. Rose water was more delicate, and immediately became popular. Both of the raw ingredients and distillation technology significantly influenced western perfumery and scientific developments, particularly chemistry.Knowledge of perfumery came to Europe as early as the 14th century due partially to Arabic influences and knowledge. But it was the Hungarians who ultimately introduced the first modern perfume. The first modern perfume, made of scented oils blended in an alcohol solution, was made in 1370 at the command of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary and was known throughout Europe as Hungary Water.
The art of perfumery prospered in Renaissance Italy, and in the 16th century, Italian refinements were taken to France by Catherine de Medicis personal perfumer, Rene le Florentin. His laboratory was connected with her apartments by a secret passageway, so that no formulas could be stolen en route. France quickly became the European center of perfume and cosmetic manufacture. Cultivation of flowers for their perfume essence, which had begun in the 14th century, grew into a major industry in the south of France. During the Renaissance period, perfumes were used primarily by royalty and the wealthy to mask body odors resulting from the sanitary practices of the day. Partly due to this patronage, the western perfumery industry was created. By the 18th century, aromatic plants were being grown in the Grasse region of France to provide the growing perfume industry with raw materials. Even today, France remains the centre of the European perfume design and trade.
Preserving perfumeFragrance compounds in perfumes will degrade or break down if improperly stored in the presence of:
Proper preservation of perfumes involve keeping them away from sources of heat and storing them where they will not be exposed to light. An opened bottle will keep its aroma intact for up to a year, as long as it is full or nearly so, but as the level goes down, the presence of oxygen in the air that is contained in the bottle will alter the perfume's smell character, eventually distorting them.Perfumes are best preserved when kept in light-tight aluminium bottles or in their original packaging when not in use, and refrigerated at a relatively low temperatures between 3-7 degrees Celsius. Although it is difficult to completely remove oxygen from the headspace of a stored flask of fragrance, opting for spray dispensers instead of rollers and "open" bottles will minimize oxygen exposure. Sprays also have the advantage of isolating fragrance inside a bottle and preventing it from mixing with dust, skin, and detritus, which will degrade and alter the quality of a perfume.
GrandPerfumes.com was launched in order to give you the highest quality 100% genuine perfumes and colognes, while not making the price outrageous like most other websites do. We believe in a philosophy that goes a little something like this: "If it's not something you'd jump for as a customer, don't even consider advertising it" or more commonly referred to as the golden rule: "Treat others how you would like to be treated." We like to put ourselves in the shoes of our customer. If we think a price is too high, we lower it. Done and done. We've been in the cologne and perfume business for 15 years now, and we've had the opportunity to try out, buy and sell the top perfumes that are being manufactured all around the world today. Immediately after we get a new perfume or a new cologne, we place a minimal mark up on it and then offer it to our client. Not only do we offer high end designer perfumes & designer colognes, we also offer discount cologne and discount perfume. Often, if you go through our discount sections, you'll find that we have plenty of newer and very popular perfumes for at great prices.
Grandperfumes.com offers several delivery options that make it easy for you to get your fragrances as fast as possible without having to spend extra money. We have several options for shipping, including free shipping every day. Not only are our shipping rates very affordable, but we're also extremely fast. Our customers often e-mail us to let us know that of the many things that they found very impressive about our company, the fact that they can buy something on a Monday morning and get it on a Tuesday afternoon always seems to blow them away. We've researched that one of the most important aspects to online shopping is having a quick turn around time so we ship our orders as fast as possible. If you're anything like we are, you absolutely can not stand it when you have to wait longer than you have to receive your product. It's for this reason that we have very fast delivery times - often 2-3 days. This is because we try to ship our products within twenty-four hours of them being ordered. We also have several options in regards to free shipping. At the very least, we like our shipping options to be as affordable as possible. We don't stop there, though. Simply ask us how to get free shipping, and we'll help you out. Keep in mind when you spend over $59, you get Free Shipping everyday!
On our list of discount perfume and discount cologne brands are designer brand names as famous as Giorgio Armani, Burberry, Kenneth Cole, Calvin Klein, Huge Boss, Acqua Di Gio, Ed Hardy, Sarah Jessica Parker, Usher, Jessica Simpson, Estee Lauder, Kim Kardashian, Jennifer Aniston, Mariah Craey, Creed & many more.
Grandperfumes.com has all of the most popular perfumes and colognes available on the market, and every time a new cologne or perfume launches, we update our stock almost immediately. We love our customers being able to hear about a product, then coming to our site and finding that they can get their fragrances for much more affordable prices than if they were shopping on another website, or if they were going to the store to buy it!
The top perfumes in the market today are pretty infamous for being not exactly 'cheap' which is because they smell amazing, and they often last a very long time. However, at Grandperfumes.com we know that the economy isn't exactly doing so great right now. With that in mind, we try our very best to offer our prices the best prices you'll find online, or anywhere else - while not sacrificing any quality at all. Yes, we only deal with major distributors and offer 100% genuine perfumes & colognes for sale.
Why should you send cologne and perfume as gifts to your loved ones? Because they are gifts that last a very long time. Not many gifts for the price of a dinner last up to 3-4 years. Designer perfumes or colognes make perfect gifts for Valentines Day, Easter, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Back to School, Thanksgiving and obviously Christmas. Besides that, designer fragrances are also perfect for Birthdays, Engagements, Wedding, and sometime really for no special reason.
Grandperfumes has over 5000 fragrances available to choose from - on our list of discount products are often very high profile names that are on the list of most popular perfumes and colognes of today. We believe that the customer comes first, and we're proving it to you by giving you great prices, great service, and affordable shipping. Grandperfumes.com wouldn't be able to survive without you, our customers, and because of that, we want to treat you the best we can. We want you to love our products and service so that you'll come back to us for more and help us spread the word about our business! Makes sense, right? In all of our years, Grandperfumes.com has been proud to have received thousands of letters, calls, and e-mails from our loving clients about how they were surprised to receive great service from us, despite having great prices as well. After all being in retail for 15 years and still having an A+ rating from BBB is what we are proud of.